Terpenes are strong, chemical substances possessed by certain plants to ward off herbivores and attract the insects that feed on them. Terpenes serve as the protection of certain plants in order to keep bacteria, mold, and fungus away.
Terpenes are found not in all species of plants but mostly on the Cannabaceae family. It goes without saying that certain plant species have great concentrations of terpenes in it. Terpenes are organic substances that are being studied today due to their medicinal effects.
Types of Terpenes
As much as there are different species of plants known to man, there are many types of terpenes that can be extracted from them as well. Some of the most common types of terpenes are listed below, along with a short description of each.
Myrcene is the most abundant type of terpene, which is why it is also the one used for recreational purposes. They say that myrcene is the one that’s responsible for the cough lock among recreational users of this essential oil. Scientific research is being carried out on the effect of myrcene up to this date.
Humulene is a form of terpene that is believed to induce relaxation and sleep. It is found in most hops and other plants. It is believed that this substance has been used for many years to treat digestive disorders, insomnia, depression, delirium, anxiety, and nervousness. Humulene isn’t recognized by medicine just yet. But there are molecular derivatives of this substance that has been proven to be anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, and even anticancer. The key is to take them at reasonable doses for them to be effective. Further study on this terpene is promising, as it may have the potential to treat multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease.
Many studies, both in vivo and in vitro, show that linalool can be used as treatment or tumors. It also has sedative, anti-convulsant, anti-depressant, anti-nociceptive, and anti-depressant, effects. Further studies also show that it has anti-oxidative, anti-microbial, hepatoprotective, and neuroprotective properties as well. However, it isn’t established yet if these effects can be obtained through consumption.
The medical effects of limonene are concentrated on anabolism and wound healing. It can also reduce stress, inflammation, depression, oxidation, viral infections, and spasms. Preliminary research also shows that limonene may have anti-tumor and anti-cancer effects, mainly because it is converted into perillyl alcohol when ingested. In Brazil, limonene is already being used as a drug against cancer, more particularly a brain tumor.
5. Alpha Pinene
Alpha Pinene promises to have anti-tumor and anti-metastatic effects if taken in very high doses. It may also have anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-allergic effect on the bronchial drug. Alpha Pinene is easily oxidized into myrtenol and pinocarveol when it gets in contact with air. This is why it has found a few other industrial processes as well. Alpha Pinene is very abundant in conifers.
6. Beta Pinene
Beta Pinene, when taken at 100 mg/kg, proposes good sedative and antidepressant effect in mice during lab experiments. It also has an antidepressant effect, effectively reversing the anti-nociceptive effects of morphine in the same manner as naloxone. This proves that it’s an agonist of the micro-opioid receptors.
These are the most common types of terpenes and if you’re looking for these terpenes for sale, you might have to look further into the different legitimate companies that extract them for medicinal or recreational purposes.